Marcel Janco

Biography

 

Marcel Janco was born in 1895 in bucharest, Romania. He was known as the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe.

 

His first contribution came in the 1910s, when he joined up with poets Tristan Tzara and Ion Vinea on the Romanian art magazine Simbolul. Later, Janco and Vinea became editors of Contimporanul, one of the most firmly established magazines of the Romanian avant-garde, where Janco first publicized his vision of a new and improved urban planning.

 

Having helped configure Contimporanul's agenda into a mix of Constructivism, Futurism and Cubism, Janco designed and built some of the most innovative 20th-century landmarks of downtown Bucharest, and envisioned a "revolution" in the city's development. His other work of the time covered a wide range of media, from illustration to sculpture and from interior design to oil painting.


Janco was one of the leading Romanian Jewish intellectuals of his generation. He emigrated to British Palestine in 1941, becoming an Israeli citizen and contributing to the early development of Israeli culture. For this, he received the Dizengoff and State of Israel prizes. After 1953 his work was centered on the establishment of Ein Hod, an art colony and utopian experiment where eventually the Marcel Janco Museum was established.

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